Your students should ideally be reading texts at a level appropriate to their reading development, or have teaching support to help them access texts outside their normal reading range.
Choosing a text within a student's reading range
To determine a good fit between the students and the short text, you can use: subjective data including:
student's prior knowledge of or interest in the topic
support provided during reading (e.g. the text being read aloud).
objective assesment—Short Reads Non-fiction text was assessed in three ways:
colour wheel/book bands
Reading level (as levelled by Scholastic)
Lexile (as levelled by MetaMetrics).
Choosing a text beyond a student's reading range
You might choose a text that is outside a student's normal range, perhaps because the text fits with a classroom study topic, or because students are not from English-speaking backgrounds. You can support students by:
providing background information about the topic
clariftying the vocabulary in advance
reading the text aloud
using 'think aloud' techniques to model ways to access the text
actively engaging the students in conversation about what they've read.